Society's Child

George "Shadow" Morton established himself very quickly in the record business in 1964. After visiting his friend Ellie Greenwich, a staff songwriter at the Brill Building in Manhattan, and convincing her he had what it took to create a hit record, she helped him get a job with Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller's newly-formed Red Bird Records. In a matter of weeks he had written a major hit for The Shangri-Las, "Remember (Walking in the Sand)." By early '66, after less than two years of successfully writing for and producing the hot girl group, he was sick of it all, ready to quit the industry. Until, that is, a certain 14-year-old folk singer-songwriter came along and gave him a reason to stick with it.

Born in New York City in 1951, Janis Eddy Fink spent her early years on a chicken farm in south New Jersey, learning to play piano and later expanding to other instruments including organ, flute and guitar. She spent time at a summer camp run by her parents and began writing songs in her free time. Around 1963 her first effort, "Hair Spun of Gold," was published in Broadside, a folk music magazine, leading to an opportunity to be in a Greenwich Village show sponsored by the magazine, performing as Janis Fink before changing her stage name to Janis Ian (taking her brother's first name as her last).

By the time high school rolled around, her family had moved to East Orange, New Jersey. Being in a mostly-black neighborhood, she observed that many of the kids' parents didn't want them dating their black schoolmates, and vice versa, an attitude the teenagers themselves sometimes rebelled against. With the civil rights movement in full swing, Janis began working on a song during her bus rides to and from school, basing it on what she saw going on around her, calling it "Baby I've Been Thinking" (though that line didn't appear in the song). It wasn't about any personal experience she'd had, and though aware of the chance that its lyrics about a mom disapproving of her daughter's interracial romance might make her own mother appear in a questionable light, she wrote it anyway; she was an artist, albiet a 13-year-old one, but the need was there to express herself through music.

In the mid-1960s, Reverend Gary Davis was well into his sixites and appearing regularly in the Village at the Gaslight Cafe. Davis befriended Janis and gave her an opportunity to open his shows, an incredible break for someone her age. This exposure led to a meeting with Shadow Morton just as his association with the Shangri-Las was winding down (they had left Red Bird and signed with Mercury Records). Having decided to quit the music business altogether, he wasn't really in the mood to audition any new singers the day 14-year-old Janis showed up at "Phantom Productions," the company name on his office door. Morton and Ian have both told the story of how he sat with his boots up on his desk, reading a newspaper and completely ignoring her singing, so as she began to leave, she grabbed a cigarette lighter and set fire to the newspaper! That got him to pay attention, and he liked what he heard. "Baby I've Been Thinking," in particular, had an impact not unlike some of the songs Morton had produced for the Shangri-Las, as they had gradually moved into more sensitive topics such as the group's last top ten hit "I Can Never Go Home Anymore," about a teenage girl running away from her mother. Ian's song took the essence of that act's music to a more politically daring level.

Morton suggested changing the title to "Society's Child," from the song's final stanza, and in April 1966 Atlantic Records agreed to finance the session with Shadow producing. Janis had just turned 15. The end result was a song musically like no other: organ and harpsichord playing off one another, tempo changes, dramatic pauses and a passionate vocal from a young singer who believed every word. Many folk singers had little desire to go after top 40 radio play but Janis, noting Bob Dylan's success in '65, liked the idea of having a hit record. Getting to that level turned out to be the hardest part; Atlantic heads Ahmet Ertegun and Jerry Wexler got cold feet and passed on the recording they had put their money into. More than 20 record companies rejected the song before jazz label Verve gave it a shot, but the subject was a hard sell in 1966. During the writing process, the line '...face is clean and shining black as night' was where the song had come into focus for Janis, but a number of radio programmers feared public reaction as a result of its inclusion.

Janis Ian

Verve reps began promoting the song that summer, getting it played in New York but struggling to get a foothold anywhere else. In the fall they increased their efforts, sending her in person to radio stations. The record was shifted at some point to the Verve Forecast label (a new name for the older subsidiary Verve Folkways). Still facing resistance, the few stations playing it received complaints as Janis started getting hate mail and even death threats. A huge break came when an associate of classical conductor-composer (and rock music fan) Leonard Bernstein caught a performance at the Gaslight and recommended her to Bernstein. On April 27, 1967, a CBS-TV news special, Inside Pop: The Rock Revolution, was aired with Bernstein as host, speaking in depth as a member of the older generation (he hadn't yet turned 50), citing examples of the rock and roll music he hoped other "old-timers" would not dismiss. He brought Janis out to perform "Society's Child" and pointed out reasons why, musically as well as lyrically, this 15-year-old singer had created something exciting and unique.

That did the trick. The song took off after the show aired, hitting number one in Los Angeles by the end of May, though it broke more slowly in midwest cities, making it to the top 20 nationally in July. Her self-titled album was well received and picked up a Grammy nomination for Best Folk Performance. The song chosen as the second single was "Insanity Comes Quietly to the Structured Mind," brilliantly conceived but receiving far less radio play than the first 45 (its lyrics alluded to suicide, among other dysfunctions). She and Shadow Morton continued working together for the next few years, though there were no hits during that time.

Janis has continued to work and grow as an artist. She composed "Jesse," a hit in 1973 for Roberta Flack, and reached her commercial peak in 1975 with "At Seventeen," another song drawn from personal teenage struggles. The single went top ten and its accompanying album Between the Lines hit number one. In October she performed the song on the very first episode of NBC's Saturday Night Live, then topped it all off by taking home the Grammy for Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female. Janis Ian continues to record music and has written many articles on a number of subjects, even science fiction, in addition to her well-received autiobiography titled...not surprisingly...Society's Child.

- Michael Jack Kirby


Society's Child